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What are the Components of a Septic System?
What are the Components of a Septic System?
Mar 07,2024

What are the Components of a Septic System?

If your home is in the suburbs or disconnected from the municipal sewer line, you may use a septic system for waste disposal. Whether you are moving into a new home or considering a septic tank installation, understanding the various components and how they function is essential. We provide exceptional maintenance services at Rooter Man Plumbing of Los Angeles to avoid septic tank repair and replacement emergencies. Let’s look at the crucial parts of a septic system. 


Septic Tank

The tank is the major component of a septic system, where wastewater from the house collects and undergoes primary treatment. During the initial septic tank installation, your preferred septic company can choose a suitable material for your area, such as concrete, fiberglass, or plastic. Solid waste sinks at the bottom to form sludge. However, lighter materials like grease and oils float to the top as scum. Regular septic tank pumping and cleaning are crucial to reduce waste volume and ensure effective wastewater treatment. 

Inlet and Outlet Pipes

Inlet and outlet pipes often run beneath the ground and are not perceived easily. These vital lines connect the septic tank to the house and the drain field, allowing wastewater from your home to enter the tank through the inlet pipe and treated effluent to flow through the outlet pipe into the drain field. Proper sizing and positioning of these pipes are critical before commencing a septic tank installation project to ensure the efficient flow of wastewater and prevent backups.

Drain Field

The drain field, or leach field, is where the treated effluent from the septic tank is dispersed into the soil for further filtration and purification. It contains perforated pipes buried in trenches filled with gravel or aggregate. The effluent trickles out of the pipes and infiltrates through the soil, where it undergoes natural biological and chemical processes to remove contaminants before replenishing the groundwater. In addition, routine septic tank pumping and cleaning is crucial to ensure efficient wastewater treatment. 

Baffles and Dividers

Baffles and dividers are internal components of the septic tank that help regulate the flow of wastewater and separate solids from liquids. Inlet baffles prevent incoming wastewater from disturbing the settled sludge layer, while outlet baffles prevent floating scum from exiting the tank. Dividers partition the tank into compartments, allowing for more efficient treatment and retention of solids. If you notice solid waste in the leach field, immediately call a septic tank repair service to mitigate further damage.

Effluent Filter

Some septic systems are equipped with effluent filters, which help prevent solids from entering the drain field and clogging the soil pores. These filters are usually installed in the outlet pipe or the septic tank and require periodic cleaning or replacement to maintain proper function. Effluent filters are beneficial in preventing premature drain field damage or unnecessary septic tank cleaning sessions, prolonging the unit’s lifespan.

Property owners stand to save a lot of money and time by understanding the various parts of a septic system and how they function. Take a proactive approach and consult a septic company to familiarize yourself with the various components of your systems. Contact us today at Rooter Man Plumbing of Los Angeles and access quality services at competitive rates, including regular inspection, repairs, and septic tank cleaning sessions.

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